Reading Al-Fatihah in prayer (part 1)

Status in the prayer

The scholars had different opinions about the obligation to read Surat al-Fatihah in prayer. The majority of scholars, including Imam Shafi’i, Malik, and Ahmad ibn Hanbal agreed that reading al-Fatihah is a Rukun of prayer. If someone leaves it, even though he is able to read it, his prayer is invalid.

The daleel or preposition

لَا صَلَاةَ لِمَنْ لَمْ يَقْرَأْ بِفَاتِحَةِ الْكِتَابِ
“It is not valid to pray someone who does not read Surat al-Fatihah.”

(Sahih Bukhari, Hadith Number 714).

مَنْ صَلَّى صَلَاةً، لَمْ يَقْرَأْ فِيهَا بِأُمِّ الْقُرْآنِ، فَهِيَ خِدَاجٌ– ثَلاَثًا – غَيْرُ تَمَامٍ

“Anyone who prays and then does not read the Umm al-Qur’an, then his prayer is lacking – he repeats it three times – imperfect.”

(Sahih Muslim, Hadith Number 598)

The scholars who did not oblige

Imam Tsauri and Abu Hanifah stated the validity of the prayer without recitation of al-Fatihah, but it not preferable. Because according to them, the obligation is to read a letter or verse of the Qur’an; a minimum of three short verses or one long verse.

The daleel or preposition

فَاقْرَءُوا مَا تَيَسَّرَ مِنَ الْقُرْآنِ

“Then read what is easy from the (verses) of the Qur’an.”
(Surat al-Muzammil verse 20)

Reference:

Husnul Haq. Retrieved from https://islam.nu.or.id/post/read/88618/beda-pendapat-ulama-soal-baca-al-fatihah-dalam-shalat-

Idanisme

Bapak (baru) satu putra yang kadang kadang nulis.

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